Téma Geografia Anglicka a Veľkej Británie sa pravidelne objavuje na ústnej maturite a štátnici z anglického jazyka, preto je potrebné osvojiť si čo možno najviac faktov. V nasledujúcom článku sa nachádzajú kvalitne a prehľadne spracované informácie o geografii Veľkej Británie, významných mestách a národných parkoch na území Spojeného Kráľovstva Veľkej Británie a Severného Írska.
GEOGRAPHY OF THE UNITED KINGDOM
There is some confusion about the correct names and differences between England, Great Britain, United Kingdom etc, so let’s take a closer look on how the United Kingdom is formed.
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland consists of four countries: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. First three countries are located on the same island and they form the Great Britain. Northern part of the Ireland is also part of the United Kingdom and together with Great Britain they form United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Republic of Ireland (in orange color on the map) is an independent state.
MAJOR CITIES IN UK
The capital of the United Kingdom is London, which is also the capital of England. London is a modern, cosmopolitan city and a true metropolis of international importance. More than 7 million people live in London. Other important cities are Edinburgh, Liverpool, York, Machester, Oxford, Cambridge and Stratford-upon-Avon – the birthplace of William Shakespeare.
Towns and cities are important, but countryside is important too. Over 75% of the land in Britain is farmland. Britain also has 15 national parks. All these parks have beautiful countryside. Some of the most visited national parks in England are Lake District in the north-west of England with its beautiful hills and lakes, Peak District, Northumberland and South Downs.
National parks in Great Britain cover approximately 10% of the land area.
Some of the national parks in Great Britain
|Loch Lomond and The Trossachs National Park||Scotland|
Most of England consists of lowland, while many parts of Wales are mountainous, especially in North and Mid Wales. Scotland is located in the north and it consists of two distinct regions known as the Highlands and the Lowlands. The Highland region is very rugged and sparsely populated. The Lowland region is home to the most of the Scotland’s population. Here we can find the large cities, such as Glasgow and Edinburgh.
Northern Ireland, Wales and western parts of England and Scotland are generally the mildest, wettest and windiest regions of the UK, and temperature ranges here are seldom extreme. Eastern areas are drier, cooler, less windy and also experience the greatest daily and seasonal temperature variations.
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